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Fatwa is a scholarly opinion on a matter of Islamic law. Fatwas are guidelines on understanding how subtleties of Islamic law should be interpreted or applied. Naturally, fatwa decisions are essential to the halal industry. Fatwa issues give understanding as to whether a product is halal and concurrently whether the processes are acceptable by Syariah standards.

In Malaysia, the responsibility lies in the hands of the Jawatankuasa Fatwa Majlis Kebangsaan Bagi Hal Ehwal Islam, with the help of other Malaysia Islamic organizations such as the Jabatan Mufti and the Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM). Each defined fatwa is subsequently reviewed and approved by the State or National ruler.

Continuous research of international fatwas is held by the World Fatwa Management and Research Institute (INFAD). This association maintains a repository of Halal-industry related fatwas from across the globe, enabling halal industry perspectives to be analysed beyond local decisions.